Quiz Answer

Answers: Do you really know VoIP?

Do you know how VoIP works? We shall see! If your scores are not as high as you you'd like, read SearchVoIP.com's How does VoIP work?: A technical guide to functional VoIP and make the VoIP grade.

  1. 8

  2. One party or the other goes "on-hook."

  3. header and payload

  4. destination address/es and originator's address

  5. It does not carry any address information at all.

  6. error detection

  7. With DRMF tones or with an IAM in CCITT Signaling System No. 7

  8. Mouth-to-ear delay, impact of errored frames, lost packets or frames, variation of packet arrival time, prioritizing VoIP traffic over other internet traffic, talker echo, distortion -- voice quality, voice coding algorithm for standardization, sufficient bit rate capacity, optimized standard packet payload size, packet overhead (efficiency), silence suppression)

  9. Network management, authentication, voice prompts, PSTN interface, QoS records, H.323 functions

  10. copper pair, ADSL, CATV cable, fiber (SONET/SD), radio, PDH PCM formats

  11. POTS voice, data octets, DTMF tones

  12. 80 or 160

  13. 100 ms

  14. 400 ms

  15. Propagation time

  16. To detect patterns in voice transmission to eventually save on bit rate capacity use

  17. A buffer may be found in packet routers where at least one frame or packet must be stored. Thus buffer delay would be a function of the number of routers in tandem.

  18. Speed up the bit rate.

  19. 10%

  20. a) disregard it
    b) use a PLC procedure to camouflage the gap

  21. Carry out a signaling function

  22. SIP, H.323, MGCP and Megaco H.248

  23. How to prioritize VoIP packets versus other data packets

  24. RTP carries out media content function whereas RTCP works with signaling functions of status and control.

  25. User agents

  26. Redirect and proxy

  27. Call agents

  28. A gateway controller and a gateway

  29. Terminations and contexts

  30. 2

  31. By terminationID.

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This was first published in June 2006

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